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Persistent Cold-Air Pool Study

PCAPS Extended Bibliography

An extended list of articles and publishings which relate to topics under study during the PCAPS field project. All articles link to the resources from which you may read them. Some resources may require you to be on a university campus, or be logged into a .edu computer system.

Articles in blue represent recommended reading from the PIs. Please contact Joe Young to suggest additional related articles we may be missing.

Persistent Cold-Air Pools
Dorninger, M., Whiteman, C. D., B. Bica, S. Eisenbach, B. Pospichal, and R. Steinacker, 2010: Meteorological events affecting cold-air pools in a small basin. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol. Submitted. Article not avail.
Ishikawa, N., 1977: Studies of radiative cooling at land basins in snowy season. Contrib. Inst. Low Temp. Sci., Ser. A, 27, 1-46. Article
Malek, E., T. Davis, R. S. Martin, and P. J. Silva, 2006: Meteorological and environmental aspects of one of the worst national air pollution episodes (January, 2004) in Logan, Cache Valley, Utah, USA. Atmos. Res., 79, 108-122. Article
Mayr, G. J., and T. B. McKee, 1995: Observations of the evolution of orogenic blocking. Mon. Wea. Rev., 123, 1447-1464. Article
Pataki, D. E., B. J. Tyler, R. E. Peterson, A. P. Nair, W. J. Steenburgh, and E. R. Pardyjak, 2005: Can carbon dioxide be used as a tracer of urban atmospheric transport? J. Geophys. Res., 110, D15102, doi:10.1029/2004JD005723. Article
Petkovsek, Z., 1974: Dissipation of the upper layer of all-day radiation fog in basins. Zbornik Meteor. i Hidrol. Radova, 5, 71-74. Article not found
Petkovsek, Z., 1985: Die Beendigung von Luftverumreinigungsperioden in Talbecken. Z. Meteorol., 35 (6), 370-372. Article not found
Savoie, M. H., and T. B. McKee, 1995: The role of wintertime radiation in maintaining and destroying stable layers. Theor. Appl. Climatol., 52, 43-54. Article
Sriramasamudram, J. K., 2009: A case study of turbulent fluxes during a wintertime persistent cold air pool in the Salt Lake Valley. Master's Thesis, University of Utah. Article
Steinacker, R., C. D. Whiteman, M. Dorninger, E. Mursch-Radlgruber, K. Baumann, S. Eisenbach, A. M. Holzer, and B. Pospichal, 2007: A sinkhole field experiment in the Eastern Alps. Bull. Meteor. Soc., . Article
Whiteman, C. D., T. Haiden, B. Pospichal, S. Eisenbach, and R. Steinacker, 2004: Minimum temperatures, diurnal temperature ranges and temperature inversions in limestone sinkholes of different size and shape. J. Appl. Meteor., 43, 1224-1236. Article
Whiteman, C. D., S. F. J. De Wekker, and T. Haiden, 2007: Effect of dewfall and frostfall on nighttime cooling in a small, closed basin. J. Appl. Meteor., 46 (1), 3-13. Article
Whiteman, C. D., S. Zhong, W. J. Shaw, J. M. Hubbe, X. Bian, and J. Mittelstadt, 2001: Cold pools in the Columbia Basin. Weather and Forecasting, 16, 432-447. Article
Whiteman, C. D., X. Bian, and S. Zhong, 1999: Wintertime evolution of the temperature inversion in the Colorado Plateau Basin. J. Appl. Meteor., 38, 1103-1117. Article
Wolyn, P. G., and T. B. McKee, 1989: Deep stable layers in the intermountain Western United States. Mon. Wea. Rev., 117, 461-472. Article

Research Model Simulations of Persistent Cold-Air Pools
Zängl, G., 2003: The impact of upstream blocking, drainage flow and the geostrophic pressure gradient on the persistence of cold-air pools. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 129, 117-137. Article
Zängl, G., 2005: Formation of extreme cold-air pools in elevated sinkholes: An idealized numerical process study. Mon. Wea. Rev., 133, 925-941. Article
Zängl, G., 2005: Dynamical aspects of wintertime cold-air pools in an alpine valley system. Mon. Wea. Rev., 133, 2721-2740. Article
Zängl, G., 2005: Wintertime cold-air pools in the Bavarian Danube Valley Basin: Data analysis and idealized numerical simulations. J. Appl. Meteor., 44, 1950-1971. Article
Zhong, S., C. D. Whiteman, X. Bian, W. J. Shaw, and J. M. Hubbe, 2001: Meteorological processes affecting evolution of a wintertime cold air pool in a large basin. Mon. Wea. Rev. 129, 2600-2613. Article

Performance of operational models for persistent cold-air pools and seasonal models
Gillies, R. R., S.-Y. Wang, M. R. Booth, 2010a: Atmospheric scale interaction on wintertime intermountain west low-level inversions. Wea. Forecasting, 25, 1196–1210. Article
Gillies, R. R., S.-Y. Wang, J.-H. Yoon, S. Weaver, 2010a: CFS prediction of winter persistent inversions in the Intermountain Region. Wea. Forecasting, 25, 1211–1218. Article
Reeves, H. D., and D. J. Stensrud, 2009: Synoptic-scale flow and valley cold-pool evolution in the Western United States. Wea. Forecasting, 24, 1625-1643. Article

Climatology of Cold-Air Pools
Gillies et al., 2010a (see above)  
Mayr and McKee, 1995 (see above)  
Reeves and Stensrud, 2009 (see above)  
Whiteman et al., 2001 ( see above)  

Turbulent Erosion
Petkovsek, Z., 1992: Turbulent dissipation of cold air lake in a basin. Meteor. Atmos. Phys., 47, 237-245. Article
Rakovec, J., J. Merse, S. Jernej, and B. Paradiz, 2002: Turbulent dissipation of the cold-air pool in a basin: Comparison of observed and simulated development. Meteorol. Atmos. Phys., 79, 195-213. Article
Reeves, H. D., and D. J. Stensrud, 2009 (see above)  
Zhong, S., X. Bian, and C. D. Whiteman, 2003: Time scale for cold-air pool breakup by turbulent erosion. Meteor. Zeitschr., 12, 229-233. Article

Pseudo-vertical Temperature Profiles from Temperature Observations on Slopes
Whiteman, C. D., S. Eisenbach, B. Pospichal, and R. Steinacker, 2004: Comparison of vertical soundings and sidewall air temperature measurements in a small Alpine basin. J. Appl. Meteor., 43, 1635-1647. Article
Whiteman, C. D., J. M. Hubbe, and W. J. Shaw, 2000a: Evaluation of an inexpensive temperature data logger for meteorological applications. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 17, 77-81. Article

Meteorology of the Salt Lake Basin and the Vertical Transport and Mixing Experiment (VTMX)
Allwine, K. J., J. H. Shinn, G. E. Streit, K. L. Clawson, and M. Brown, 2002: Overview of URBAN 2000: A multiscale field study of dispersion through an urban environment. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 83, 521-536. Article
Banta, R. M., L. S. Darby, J. D. Fast, J. Pinto, C. D. Whiteman, W. J. Shaw, and B. D. Orr, 2004: Nocturnal low-level jet in a mountain basin complex. I. Evolution and effects on local flows. J. Appl. Meteor., 43, 1348-1365. Article
Berg, L. K., and S. Zhong, 2005: Sensitivity of MM5-simulated boundary layer characteristics to turbulence parameterizations. J. Appl. Meteor., 44, 1467-1483. Article
Chen, Y., F. L. Ludwig, and R. L. Street, 2004: Stably stratified flows near a notched transverse ridge across the Salt Lake Valley. J. Appl. Meteor., 43, 1308-1328. Article
Darby, L. S., K. J. Allwine, and R. M. Banta, 2006: Nocturnal low-level jet in a mountain basin complex. Part II: Transport and diffusion of tracer under stable conditions. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 45, 740-753. Article
Doran, J. C., J. D. Fast, and J. Horel, 2002: The VTMX 2000 campaign. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 83, 537-551. Article
Fast, J. D., 2003: Forecasts of valley circulations using the terrain-following and step-mountain vertical coordinates in the Meso-Eta model. Wea. Forecasting, 18, 1192-1206. Article
Fast, J. D., K. J. Allwine, R. N. Dietz, K. L. Clawson, and J. C. Torcolini, 20066: Dispersion of perfluorocarbon tracers within the Salt Lake Valley during VTMX 2000. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 45, 793-812. Article
Fast, J. D., and L. S. Darby, 2004: An evaluation of mesoscale model predictions of down-valley and canyon flows and their consequences using Doppler lidar measurements during VTMX 2000. J. Appl. Meteor., 43, 420-436. Article
Finn, D., K. L. Clawson, R. G. Carter, J. D. Rich, and K. J. Allwine, 2008: Plume dispersion anomalies in a nocturnal urban boundary layer in complex terrain. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 47, 2857-2878. Article
Haiden, T., and C. D. Whiteman, 2005: Katabatic flow mechanisms on a low-angle slope. J. Appl. Meteor., 44, 113-126. Article
Ludwig, F. L., J. Horel, and C. D. Whiteman, 2004: Using EOF analysis to identify important surface wind patterns in mountain valleys. J. Appl. Meteor., 43, 969-983. Article
Monti, P., H. J. S. Fernando, M. Princevac, W. C. Chan, T. A. Kowalewski, and E. R. Pardyjak, 2002: Observations of flow and turbulence in the nocturnal boundary layer over a slope. J. Atmos. Sci., 59, 2513-2534. Article
O'Steen, L., and D. Werth, 2009: The application of an evolutionary algorithm to the optimization of a mesoscale meteorological model. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 48, 317-329. Article
Pinto, J. O., D. B. Parsons, W. O. J. Brown, S. Cohn, N. Chamberlain, and B. Morley, 2006: Coevolution of down-valley flow and the nocturnal boundary layer in complex terrain. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 45, 1429-1449. Article
Princevac, M., J. C. R. Hunt, and H. J. S. Fernando, 2008: Quasi-steady katabatic winds on slopes in wide valleys: Hydraulic theory and observations. J. Atmos. Sci., 65, 627-643. Article
Whiteman, C. D., and S. Zhong, 2008: Downslope flows on a low-angle slope and their interactions with valley inversions. Part I. Observations. J. Appl. Meteor. Climat., 47, 2023-2038. Article
Zhong, S., and C. D. Whiteman, 2008: Downslope flows on a low-angle slope and their interactions with valley inversions. Part II. Numerical Modeling. J. Appl. Meteor. Climat., 47, 2039-2057. Article
Zhong, S., and J. Fast, 2003: An evaluation of the MM5, RAMS, and Meso-Eta models at subkilometer resolution using VTMX field campaign data in the Salt Lake Valley. Mon. Wea. Rev., 131, 1301-1322. Article
Zumpfe, D. E., and J. D. Horel, 2007: Lake-breeze fronts in the Salt Lake Valley. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 46, 196-211. Article

Relevant Articles on Diurnal Temperature Inversions
Clements, C. B., C. D. Whiteman, and J. D. Horel, 2003: Cold air pool structure and evolution in a mountain basin: Peter Sinks, Utah. J. Appl. Meteor., 42, 752-768. Article
DeWekker , S. F. J., and C. D. Whiteman, 2006: On the time scale of nocturnal boundary layer cooling in valleys and basins and over plains. J. Appl. Meteor., 45, 813-820. Article
Fast, J. D., S. Zhong, and C. D. Whiteman, 1996: Boundary layer evolution within a canyonland basin: Part II. Numerical simulations of nocturnal flows and heat budgets. J. Appl. Meteor., 35, 2162-2178. Article
Kondo, J., and N. Okusa, 1990: A simple numerical prediction model of nocturnal cooling in a basin with various topographic parameters. J. Appl. Meteor., 29, 604-619. Article
Kondo, J., T. Kuwagata, and S. Haginoya, 1989: Heat budget analysis of nocturnal cooling and daytime heating in a basin. J. Atmos. Sci., 46, 2917-2933. Article
Pospichal, B., S. Eisenbach, C. D. Whiteman, R. Steinacker, and M. Dorninger, 2003: Observations of the Cold Air Outflow from a Basin Cold Pool through a Low Pass. International Conference on Alpine Meteorology and the Mesoscale Alpine Programme Meeting 2003, Brig, Switzerland, 19-23 May 2003. Meteo-Swiss Pub. 66, Zurich, Switzerland, 153-156. Article
Vrhovec, T., 1991: A cold air lake formation in a basin – A simulation with a mesoscale numerical model. Meteor. Atmos. Phys., 46, 91-99. Article
Whiteman, C. D., S. F. J. De Wekker, and T. Haiden, 2007 (see above)  
Whiteman, C. D., T. B. McKee, and J. C. Doran, 1996: Boundary layer evolution within a canyonland basin. Part I: Mass, heat and moisture budgets from observations. J. Appl. Meteor., 35, 2145-2161. Article
Whiteman, C. D., A. Muschinski, S. Zhong, D. Fritts, S. W. Hoch, M. Hahnenberger, W. Yao, V. Hohreiter, M. Behn, and Y. Cheon, C. B. Clements, T. W. Horst, W. O. J. Brown, and S. P. Oncley, 2008: METCRAX 2006 - Meteorological experiments in Arizona's Meteor Crater. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 89, 1665-1680. Article
Yao, W. Q., and S. Zhong, 2009: Nocturnal temperature inversions in a small enclosed basin and their relationship to ambient atmospheric conditions. Meteor. Atmos. Phys., 103, 195-210. Article

Health Effects and Air pollution
**Pope, C. A., and D. W. Dockery, 2006: Heat effects of fine particulate air pollution: Lines that connect. J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc. 56: 709-742. Article
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